The Mauritius Indians ate descents of the Indian people that lived on the island, representing about 68% of population, in the 2007 statistics. There are also the Brahmins, a Bhumibar population, a migrant and significant population living on island and with important marks in diverse fields. They keep their relations with the Indian families and have marital relations in order to keep the cultural identity.
An important number of Koery agriculturists also exists in Mauritius, with own mark in many fields and with origins from Bihar and Eastern UP. A large number of Mauritius Indians are Bihari descents, with Hindus castes such as Rajput, Kayastha, Yadav, Brahmin, Banias, Kurmi well represented. Still, the most of the Mauritius Indians came from other continent’s parts.
The Mauritius Indians immigrants abandoned the island’s labourer system and made a population majority on Mauritius but they were complemented by other immigrants’ waves, later. These new Mauritius Indian immigrants arrived from all over India and most of them were Hindus. The Mauritius Indians natives arrived on island with e century before the British period (during the French one) to help at the construction of Port Louis city as well as to the construction of kovils, mandirams, mosques and churches.
It seems that they are the first to introduce Hinduism on Mauritius. Beginning with the ‘90s, Mauritius Indians with jobs as scientists, lawyers, businessmen, traders, doctors and IT people began to arrive on the island. The later Mauritius Indians wave arrived from different areas of India, with big numbers from New Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Bengal, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra.
They brought a huge contribution to the island’s knowledge and economy. 52% of the Mauritius Indians are Hindus, ¼ are South Indian Hindus and the rest of them are Muslims, from many parts of India. The new minorities like Hare Krishnas and Sikhs are non-religious groups. They become popular in the 70’s when some of them converted. All Mauritius Indians speak the Creole language but some groups consider Telugu, Tamil, Marathi, Gujarati, Bhojpuri, Urdu and Hindi as their native tongue.
About 0.6% of the Mauritius Indians choose not to speak the Creole language. Anyway, since the most of the island’s people speak more languages, the majority of the Mauritius Indians speak Creole and one Indian language, as well as French or English. All the groups of the island, including the Mauritius Indians had an important impact on the island’s political and economic life.
The most of the Hindu celebrations are considered public holidays. People love the Mauritius food that has Indian origins, with Carri, Dhol Puri and Alouda among the most popular dishes and the dishes of the no ethnic and religion groups are shared all over the island. The influence of the Mauritius Indians on the music is also big. There are the Bhojpuri Sega singers, as popular as the Sega. Bhangra and Indian Bollywood are popular music genres enjoyed by the most of the Mauritius Indians.