According to the 2011 World Bank’s report, the Mauritius imports of manufactures was of 56.38 in 2010. One year earlier, in 2009, the Mauritius imports of manufactures was of 59.13, while in 2008 was of 53.95 according to the same source. The imports include chemicals, transport equipment, machinery, basic manufactures, nonferrous metals as well as miscellaneous manufactured goods.
The island’s GDP is one of the Africa’s highest, per capita. Mauritius has a diverse economy, as archipelago off the Africa’s South-East Coast. 90% of the island’s cultivated area is covered with sugarcane which represents about 25% of the export earnings. The main sectors of the Mauritius economy are: the financial services: offshore enterprises, processing zones: communications and information technology, fish processing, apparel and textiles and the tourism.
In 2010, Mauritius was the 106th biggest supplier of different goods imports for the United States of America. In 2010, the total of the USA’s Mauritius imports of goods was of $196 million, with a 16% increase comparing with 2009. The 5 biggest categories of Mauritius imports in 2010 were: medical and optical instruments-$7 million, live animals (like primates)-$12 million, knit apparel-$12 million, precious stones (like diamonds)- $35 million and woven apparel- $108 million.
The permits for the Mauritius imports are necessary for the foodstuffs such as: oils, fats, spices, food additives, infant formulas, fruits, wheat, beans, rice, corn, potatoes and milk, for the products such as: fireworks, crash helmets, electric cables, electric water heaters, syringes, baking equipment, weighing machinery, gold, corrugated iron sheets, plastic feeding bottles, PVC pipes, cement, petroleum products, insecticides, cigarettes and pharmaceuticals, for motor vehicles such as: accessories, parts, used vehicles and for the pocket lighters (the gas fuelled ones).
The Mauritius imports of seeds, plants, animal feed and animals must satisfy some phyto-sanitary conditions and they are also subject of serious quarantine regulations. The state enterprises that control the Mauritius imports of numerous commodities are: the Mauritius sugar syndicate, the Tobacco Board, the Tea Board, the Agricultural Marketing Board (the products competing with the domestic produce such as onions and potatoes) and the State Trading Corporation for products such as: cement, petroleum, wheat flour and rice.
The Mauritius imports from the United States of America trans-shipped via 3rd countries may have preferential tariff rates if they have origin certificate from an authorized commerce chamber or from government agency form the 3rd country. For the Mauritius imports of goods are necessary: import permit, veterinary certificates, phyto-sanitary certificates, origin certificate, airway or landing bill and commercial invoice.
There are also prohibited Mauritius imports such as: rolling machines for the cigarettes manufacture (unless they are of industrial type), teething rings, vehicle spare parts of used motor, cigarettes papers, toy crash helmets, portable electric lamps, candies having shapes of cigarettes, underwater fishing guns, tortoise shells, ivory, water scooters, kerosene stoves, caps for the toy guns, white phosphorus matches, ball valve bottles, firecrackers, recapped tires, electric water heaters that have bare elements, the items that have CFC (chlorofluorocarbons) and blue asbestos.