There have been important improvements of the Mauritius health in the last decades. Many of the changes are due to the key reforms coming from the Health Sector Development and Reform’s White Paper. Released at the end of 2002, the White Paper came with the Draft Action Plan for the Mauritius Health and aimed the consultation of the public. The Mauritius Health Sector Implementation Plan was drafted after the public’s comments were received.
This plan aimed to achieve the higher level of effectiveness and efficiency as well as a better responsiveness of the patients’ needs. The plan’s action is focused on: the development of the secondary, tertiary and curative services that incorporates the modernization of the Mauritius health’s infrastructure, to set up the Non-Communicable Diseases National Institute, a Care Centre for the New Mental Health, to provide one upgraded emergency and accident and traumatology service in every region, to establish a Patient’s Charter that protects the interests and the rights of the patients, to decentralize the mental health services, to develop the Ayurvedic medicine and to invest in the therapeutic tools and in the high-tech diagnostic.
The plan also aimed to build a strong primary health care system, including a non-stop family doctor service and to improve the dental services and the infrastructure of the prime Mauritius health. The plan aimed to make stronger services of the public heath care through rough control of the food hygiene, the development of the environmental health services, to reinforce the control of the infectious diseases and strong prevention programs regarding the HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases.
Among the Mauritius health plan’s purposes was to establish an asset management program regarding the planned renovation or replacement of the buildings from the health sector as well as the renewal or the replacement of the equipment inside a defined management policy. The central support services were improved by improving the quality and the range of the drugs that are offered by the Mauritius health services, the labs services and a better management of the transport and stores.
The training and the education enhanced by setting up the teaching departments regarding the clinical services, the staff retention’s development, the improvement of the quality and the productivity programs, the Gemba Kaizen program’s improvement, regarding the environment as well as the human resources system’s design. The management of the support services was reviewed, including setting up of the information system regarding the treatment’s quality and a close partnership between the public and the private health services.
In medium term, the action plan for the Mauritius health had the following targets: to increase the population life expectancy’s average to about 75 years, to reduce the infant mortality to one digit in 5 years, to double the number for the cardiac surgeries, to save five hundreds liver per year from the end stage renal failure, to halve the rate of amputation in diabetes, to improve the curative and primary services quality, to promote the heath through lifestyle changes.