Mauritius ethnicity includes the Bihari Mauritians, which are the Bihari migrants to the island. A part of the island’s people are Indo-Mauritian and a part of these are Bihari. The most of the Mauritius prime ministers belong to the Bihari. This community includes the Christians (most of them Roman Catholic), Muslims and Hindu (which are the majority).
The most of the Bihari Mauritians came from Bhojpur, Gaya, the West and East Champaran districts, Gopalganj and Chapra. They used to call Mauritius ‘Marich’ in the migration times. 60% of the Mauritius population (of 1.2 million) has Indian origin, many of them being from Bihar and having Bhojpuri as mother tongue. The Mauritius ethnicity includes two main ethnic groups: the Indo-Mauritians and the Creoles.
These are also divided into other two important groups: Blacks and Mulattos. Inside the community the multiracial varies from Creoles with dark skin to near white Creoles. Nepalis are also part of the Mauritius ethnicity. They came to this island from Nepal, as expatriates and workers. There are around 50 Nepalis that work in Mauritius, according to the Labour and Transport Management Ministry of Nepal.
There is a big interest of Mauritius to bring employees from Nepal to work in tourism, sugar industry and sugarcane farming, which are key sectors of the island’s economy. A number of Nepali workers were sent to Mauritius although the Nepal government granted the permission to the manpower agencies of sending workers. In 2008 and 2009, 24 Nepalis flied to Mauritius and work at hotels, in sugar industry and sugarcane farms. The Mauritius ethnicity includes the Sino-Mauritians, which are also called Mauritian Chinese or Chinese Mauritians and are descendants of the Chinese.
They represent 3% of the island’s population and just like other communities’ members some of them arrived on the island involuntary, being brought from Sumatra to work on the island, in the 1740s. They had a strike protesting for the kidnapping. They were not punished for their strike but deported to Sumatra back. Thousands of migrants from Guangzhou came to Port Louis in the 1780’s, on board of Danish, French and British ships. They worked as tailors, cobblers, carpenters and blacksmiths forming a little Chinatown called the Camp des Chinois in Mauritius capital.
The migration continued even after the island was taken over by the British. 3.000 Chinese arrived on Mauritius, in the 1840 and 1843 period, with work contracts. There were 5000 Chinese living in Mauritius by the mid-century. The Mauritius ethnicity complexity continues with the French that arrived on island in 1722. This happened after the initial settlements attempts of the Dutch ended with no success and the island was abandoned again.
They have a prosperous life in Mauritius and ruled it till 1810, at the British invasion. They lived having a strong identification with the island and the capitulation’s terms give the settlers the chance to continue their life as an ethnic group (a distinct and francophone one) for 158 years, under the rule of the British, before the island’s independence.